In the monsoon session of Lok Sabha, three bills related to agriculture are passed. Politics is heating up on these three bills related to agriculture. From Punjab to Maharashtra, many parties are opposing it. Shiromani Akali Dal leader Harsimrat Kaur Badal had also resigned from the post of Union Minister in protest against this bill.
Let us know, what is this agricultural law and what are the reasons for the opposition behind it-
1- Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020-
Under this bill, a farmer can buy and sell his crop at any place. That is, the farmer will not have to pay any tax for buying and selling the crop outside his state, he can sell his crop to whomever he wants at the desired price. This also includes online buying and selling. And it is possible for the farmer to buy and sell crops outside the scope of the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC).
2- Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Contract Bill 2020
on Price Assurance and Agricultural Services Under this agreement, it is proposed to make arrangements for contract farming across the country. Under this, if the crop is damaged, it will not be compensated by the farmers but the company with the contract agreement will have to compensate it. Farmers will not have to pay the price. This will eliminate the middleman state, and the income of the farmers will also increase.
3- Essential Commodities Amendment Bill
Let us tell you that the Essential Commodities Act Bill was made in 1955. Now the stock limit on agricultural products like edible oils, oil seeds, pulses, onions and potatoes has been removed. Stock limits will be imposed on these only when absolutely necessary. Such situations include unavoidable situations like national calamity, drought. Government control over production, storage and distribution will end.
Now know what are the reasons for its opposition-On all these three agricultural bills, the farmers and traders are afraid that according to these bills the APMC Mandia will be destroyed. On which no fee will be charged. Whereas there are different mandi fees and other cess in different states on the purchase of agricultural products under APMC mandis. Due to this, the traders of the market are afraid that when there is no duty business outside the market, then no one would like to come to the market. Farmers also fear that after the new law (Agriculture Bill), the government will stop the purchase of crops at MSP. Actually, there is no explanation in the Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, that the purchases made outside the mandi will not be at a price below the Minimum Support Price (MSP).