During the Duleep Trophy game in 2016, India for the first time experimented the pink ball but thereafter, BCCI (Board of Control for Cricket in India) had not accepted the suggestions from many Indian cricketers. One of those who suggested the board was current president of BCCI, Sourav Ganguly. As his presidency commenced, Ganguly made India play its first pink-ball Test is its home ground in Kolkata.
Relevance of Pink Ball
After ball makers tried optic yellow and bright orange balls, pink was the concord colour that was finalised. The pink ball is easy to spot on the grass, and by fielders taking high catches. However, certain batsmen have complained that the colour tends to merge with the brownish patches on the pitch.
The Australian sports equipment and ball maker company, Kookaburra started with a dark green seam on the ball, then switched to white and ultimately to black after former Australian captain Steve Smith said that the seam needed to be more visible.
Notably, in first ever pink ball test which was played in Adelaide in 2015 November, Smith led Australia against New Zealand later won the by 3 wickets.
Some people consider that pink is merely a white ball in disguise which is partially true. White and pink both the balls go flat in the shorter versions.
Pink ball is lighter than red and swings more in the initial overs while showing 20 percent more seam moment.
To recall, India played its first pink-ball, day-night Test match against Bangladesh at Eden Gardens on November 22, 2019.
There were some concerns prior to the match over the probability of pink ball negating the key strengths of the Indian bowling attack, especially in home conditions. This has been one of the reasons why BCCI was reluctant to take the plunge into day-night Tests.